09 Jan hebrews 1:1:3 commentary
You might argue from the second, that as the impression might be made on a very inferior material, so Christ's nature was a very unworthy vehicle of the divine glory; but this mistake is corrected by the first, for a beam is of the same texture as the sun. Now that He has come, they gladly retire from view." (Ps 93:4), The fact that Jesus has made full and final purification for our sins and is now seated at the right hand of the Father should make you strong, steadfast and unshakable against the terrible temptations that cause you to doubt that your sins, regardless of how seemingly mundane or atrociously heinous, can be completely and irrevocably forgiven. Hebrews 1:4-14 His pre-eminence above the angels in office. (2Cor 4:6). Watch Jesus. He can interfere with them at any time, and will do so in the way appointed by Him. It is crucial to see this chapter in relation to the argument of the book and the previous immediate context. Being made so much better than the angels." Somehow and somewhere they saw a power that was carrying the world and each life on to a destined end. Today that same son is genuinely born again and sober and productive and still married to his first wife. I'll see you in heaven and we can share stories of this truth that transformed our "fiery furnace" of complaints and doubts into a "fragrant altar" for offering worship! 1:1-3 God spake to his ancient people at sundry times, through successive generations, and in divers manners, as he thought proper; sometimes by personal directions, sometimes by dreams, sometimes by visions, sometimes by Divine influences on the minds of the prophets. CHAPTER 1. Hebrews 3:1-6. During his earthly life he was constantly met by expressive acts of homage, which, unlike Peter in the house of Cornelius, he did not repress. Word Pictures in the New Testament), Wuest - The word substance deserves careful treatment. That not one life shall be destroy'd. Nature (5287) (hupostasis [word study] from hupo = under + histemi = stand, referring to a foundation, ground on which something is built) is literally that which stands under anything (e.g., the foundation of a building). As a sovereign, when his garments of state are folded and put away, is a sovereign still, so our Lord, when he has laid aside the earth and heavens like a vesture, shall be still the same. So once again the writer of Hebrews proves the superiority of Jesus for there was never an angel to which God said "Sit at My right handâ¦ ", Christ has been exalted to the place of greatest eminence, power and authority. For example in Luke we readâ¦, And they understood none of these things, and this saying (rhema) was hidden from them, and they did not comprehend the things that were said. (1-2a) Jesus brought a revelation superior to the prophets of old. It is only befitting, then, that the unsinning sons of light should worship him; and as we hear the command issued, "Let all the angels of God worship him," we are still further impressed by the immense distance between their nature and his. For by one offering he has perfected for all time those who are made holyâ (Heb 10:12â14). If the word of His power upholds earth and heaven, surely, that same word can uphold you, poor trembling heart, if you will trust him. What an awesome truth that the whole universe hangs on the word of Christ for its moment by moment existence! When, on the morning of his resurrection, our Lord met the frightened women, he said, "I ascend unto my Father and your Father, and my God and your God." Etymologically it is the sediment or foundation under a building (for instance). In LXX, it represents fifteen different words, and, in some cases, it is hard to understand its meaning, notably 1Sa 13:21. We never can be thankful enough that God has in so many ways, and with such increasing clearness, spoken to us fallen sinners concerning salvation. 6:4 ("So they would camp against them and destroy the produce of the earth as far as Gaza, and leave no sustenance [Lxx - hupostasis + zoe ~ no support or foundation of life] in Israel as well as no sheep, ox, or donkey. His saints securely dwell; Notice that Christ sits in the place of honor. Glory (1391) (doxa from dokeo = to think) means to give a proper opinion or estimate of something and thus the glory of God expresses all that He is in His Being and in His nature, character, power and acts. Marvin Vincent paraphrases this verse as âbe associated with Me in My royal dignity.". As Sir William Watson said of them, "So to the wild wolf Hate were sacrificed, The panting, huddled flock, whose crime was Christ.". We do not sufficiently often forget our own petty wants and anxieties, and launch down our tiny rivulet, until we are borne out into the great ocean of praise, which is ever breaking in music around the person of Jesus. Poieo is aorist tense which indicates a once-for-all-time, past completed and effective action (cf Christ's triumphant cry from the Cross "It is finished" Jn 19:30). It was his right. see note 2 Peter 3:2). Dunghills are sweet compared with these abominations; what a degrading task it seems for Christ to undertakeâthe purging of our sins! The Son is superior to the prophets because He is the radiance of Godâs glory. (Believer's Bible Commentary: Thomas Nelson ), F B Meyer in the Way Into the Holiest has the following chapter on Hebrews 1:3,4â¦. (Col 1:17-note). Hebrews 1:1-4 introduces a contrast that is the central theme throughout Hebrews: the climactic revelation of God in Christ, surpassing every way that God spoke and worked prior to Christ’s coming. (see note 1 Peter 3:22), "been exalted to the right hand of God, and (had) received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, He has poured forth this which you both see and hear (the Spirit at Pentecost)" (Acts 2:33), Finally John offers this encouragement to all believers quoting Jesus Who is presently seated, "at the right hand of the majesty on high" promising that to Him "who overcomes, I will grant to him to sit down with Me on My throne, as I also overcame and sat down with My Father on His throne." Zondervan Publishing). All the angels worship Him, and all the blood-washed host adore Him day without night. Yes! You can find the best commentary on Hebrews for you using the tools on … Jesus is the shining of God's glory among men. Spurgeon - There is an allusion here, no doubt, to the high priest who, on the great day of atonement, when the sacrifice had been offered, presented himself before God. He says that he was the charakter (5481) of God's very essence. In Mt 22:41-46 Jesus specifically applies Ps 110:1 to Himself. This is why Jesus spoke these words to Caiaphas just prior to his death and resurrection that hereafter he would, see THE SON OF MAN SITTING AT THE RIGHT HAND OF POWER, and COMING ON THE CLOUDS OF HEAVEN. âLove so amazing, so divine, demands my soul, my life, my all,â as Isaac Wattsâ hymn says." He is, therefore, superior to angels (Heb 1:4).-Lofty as was the esteem in which Hebrew believers had been wont to hold those bright and blessed spirits, they were not for a moment to be compared with him whose majestic claims are the theme of these glowing words. Hence, on one occasion, the Jews sought to kill him, because he said that God was his Father, making himself equal with God (John v. i8). (Compare to) But Mary treasured up all these things (rhema), pondering them in her heart. Christ's seated position at right hand of God, a place of privileged honor, is mentioned 5x in Hebrews clearly making it a key phrase (click Heb 1:3) the author wants his readers to fully comprehend. Commentary on Hebrews 3:7-13 (Read Hebrews 3:7-13) Days of temptation are often days of provocation. They were filled with the thought that the One who had created the world would also be the One who redeemed it. Can it really be? Before I sinned, He purged my sins away; singular and strange as it is, yet it is so. So shall we gain and give new thoughts of the supreme dignity of the Lord Jesus. (Collected writings of W. E. Vine), The seated posture is one of of rest and yet in His exalted state Jesus is still bearing on all things toward their destined consummation, and is still dealing with sin as the Great High Priest, saving believing sinners in His precious blood and cleansing saints from the daily defilement of sin. Hebrews 1:3 tells us that it is Jesus who upholds all things by the word of His power. No, God is the personal power who created everything out of nothing, including the stars (Genesis 1; Isaiah 40:26); who divided the Red Sea and delivered the Israelites from Egyptian bondage (Exodus 14:21, 22); who brought to pass the virgin birth of Jesus (Luke 1:34, 35); and who raised Him from the dead and conquered death (2Timothy 1:10). ), but that is fiction not fact! But the behavior and exclamations of the servants of Jesus, arraigned before heathen tribunals, and exposed to the most agonizing deaths, were matters of public notoriety. It came to denote essence, substance or the inner nature and as discussed below is used with that meaning in here in Hebrews 1:3. word of God. Previous – Hebrews 2:5-18. Jn 3:25+ Therefore there arose a discussion on the part of John's disciples with a Jew about purification. This 59 part expository study of Hebrews was preached at Flagstaff Christian Fellowship in 2003-05. Sin has made a great change in the world for the worse, and Christ will make a great change in it for the better. -one of the grandest miniature dramas in all literature. Here is a wonderful thought. A list of the best commentaries on Hebrews ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. An illustration of this use of phero is found in the Septuagint (LXX) where Moses says, "I alone am not able to carry (phero) all this people, because it is too burdensome for me,â (Nu 11:14) (Comment: Here phero has in it the idea of the responsibility of the government and guidance of Israel). These are energized by the sun's radiance, but they are not what the sun is. Is it not a wonderful thing that Christ purged our sins even before we had committed them? We are so apt to concentrate our thoughts on ourselves; and to thank for what we have received. Commentaries on Hebrews. I want you to meditate upon that wondrous work, and to remember that He did it before He went back to heaven. After he died to cleanse us from the stain of sin (NLT), After achieving forgiveness for human sins (TEV), When He had by offering Himself accomplished our cleansing of sins and riddance of guilt (Amp), As Matthew Henry so eloquently puts it "From the glory of the person of Christ he proceeds to mention the glory of his grace.". The primary sense of hupostasis or substance is something which stands underneath; foundation, ground of hope or confidence, and so, assurance itself. The rulers had heard the multitudes proclaim Him as âSon of Davidâ when He rode into Jerusalem. They cannot be separated. There is no time that the sun exists without the beams of radiance. If you are a Bible student or teacher, you can discuss each week’s commentary and lesson at the International Bible Lesson Forum. You might argue from the first, that as the ray is only part of the sun, so Christ is only part of God; but this mistake is corrected by the second, for an impression must be coextensive with the seal. Hughes remarks that this "thought is utterly sublime but trueâthis glorious Cosmic Being at the apex of His splendor is praying for you and me! Turn to Psalm 2. In order to maintain and guide the universe, He only has to speakâ¦ but in order to put away our sin once for all, He had to die on the cross of Calvary. (see notes Hebrews 9:12; 9:13; 9:14; 9:26). 11:6; Job 22:20 ("and their abundance the fire has consumed"), possessions. Matthew records that, "while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them a question, saying, âWhat do you think about the Christ, whose son is He?â (Whose Son is the Messiah? Let a part of our private and public devotion be ever dedicated to the praise of Jesus; when we shall break forth into some hymn, or psalm, or spiritual song, singing and praising Christ with angels and archangels and all the hosts of the redeemed. Oh, this is wondrous love! Hebrews 1:3 And He is (PAPMSN) the radiance of His glory and the exact representation of His nature, and upholds (PAPMSN) all things by the word of His power. You see how glorious was His originalâthe ârepresentationâ of His Fatherâs person. Then I will take My hand away and you shall see My back, but My face shall not be seen." Dr. John Owen, who loves to explain the spiritual meaning in the Letter to the Hebrews by the types in the Old Testament, explains the brightness of the Fatherâs glory by a reference to the Shekinah over the mercy seat, which was the only visible token of the presence of God there. The author amplifies on this truth writing that Jesus functioned as both the Sacrifice (Offering) and the Sacrificer ("Offerer" or High Priest), Who, "does not need daily, like those high priests (Levitical priests under the Old Covenant), to offer up sacrifices, first for His own sins, and then for the sins of the people, because this He did once for all when He offered up Himself." The angels minister to them in opposing the malice and power of evil spirits, in protecting and keeping their bodies, instructing and comforting their souls, under Christ and the Holy Ghost. We also need Jesus Christ as our Savior from sin and as Lord of our everyday lives. Considering these meanings of hupostasis in Hebrews 11:1 one could paraphrase this verse as followsâ¦, Robertson commenting on the use of hupostasis in Hebrews 1:3 writes that "The word hupostasis for the being or essence of God âis a philosophical rather than a religious termâ (Moffatt). Let us draw near with holy boldness. Then the LORD said, "Behold, there is a place by Me, and you shall stand there on the rock and it will come about, while My glory is passing by, that I will put you in the cleft of the rock and cover you with My hand until I have passed by. Commentary website along with the International Bible Lesson that you may want to read to your class as part of your Bible study. The Pulpit Commentary writes that apaugasma "is, so to speak, begotten of the source, and of one substance with it, and yet distinguishable from it; being that through which its glory is made manifest, and through which it enlightens all things. Hebrews 1:13 But to which of the angels has He ever said, "SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND, UNTIL I MAKE THINE ENEMIES A FOOTSTOOL FOR THY FEET"? MacArthur - This truth must have seemed especially remarkable to those to whom the book of Hebrews was first written. Sinful man needed purification of sins which in the Old Testament system required a priest to carry out the purification ritual. And he, so far from correcting the opinion-as he must have done instantly, had it been erroneous, went on to confirm it and to substantiate its truthfulness. In reading it, we first hear the roar of the mob and the calm decision of the throne; and then our attention is centered on him who comes forward, bearing the divine autograph to the decree which declares him Son. We are not, therefore, surprised to find the early Church applying it to Christ (Acts 4:25). It is not possible that He should be robbed of the purchase of His blood. More than the sounds of many waters, than the mighty breakers of the sea, the LORD on high (Greek LXX uses hupselos) is mighty." The hymns which have come down to us ring with the same spirit. When He had made (AMPMSN) purification of sins, He sat down (3SAAI) at the right hand of the Majesty on high (NASB: Lockman). He says that he was the apaugasma (541) of God's glory. When He had made purification of sins, He sat down at the right hand of the Majesty on high. âIn him all things are held togetherâ (Col 1:17), that is, continue to hold together. In the case of this first-century Jew, his act of faith in Messiah as High Priest would be the title-deed which God would give him, guaranteeing to him the possession of the salvation for which he trusted God. The early Church did not simply admire Christ, it adored him. Word (4487) (rhema [word study] from verb rheo = to speak - to say, speak or utter definite words) refers to the spoken word, especially a word as uttered by a living voice. (4-14). These words must be closely joined with the last clause of Hebrews 1:3; they speak, not of the glory which was ever His, but of that which became His after He had “made purification of sins.”. Zondervan Publishing, Our Daily Bread, Copyright RBC Ministries, Grand Rapids, MI. (see note Hebrews 11:3). Hupostasis is setting under and thus describes a support, a confidence, a steadiness, a foundation (refers to ground on which something is built = e.g., the foundation of things for which we hope in Heb 11:1 [note]). HE SAT DOWN AT THE RIGHT HAND OF THE MAJESTY ON HIGH: ekathisen (3SAAI) en dexia tes megalosunes en hupselois: sat down at the right hand of the greatness in the highest (YLT), Then he sat down at the right side of God, the Great One in heaven (ICB), then sat down in highest honor beside the great God of heaven (TLB), He sat down in the place of honor at the right hand of the majestic God of heaven. The prophet Ezekiel described the departure (Ezekiel 10:4) and then foretold of the future return (Ezek 43:4, 43:5) of the glory (doxa) of Jehovah from the Temple in Jerusalem. It is the most comprehensive, and it contains the highest number of insights into the text. (Hebrews: An Anchor for the Soul), Vine adds that "this position was a ratification of the perfect fulfillment of all that He had accomplished in His expiatory (making atonement) sacrifice for sins." Clearly this is also the position of privilege for the author of Hebrews asks in this same chapter, "which of the angels has He ever said, "SIT AT MY RIGHT HAND, UNTIL I MAKE THINE ENEMIES A FOOTSTOOL FOR THY FEET"? For time and eternity, Jesus is all we need. None can ever ask too much. âDoddridge The rivers run down into the sea. The Son is such a revelation of the Father that when we see Jesus, we see what God's real being is. The resurrection, glorification, ascension and enthronement of Christ at the right hand of God is meant to make you confident in the hour of trial and in the hour of death that the purification of your sins is sure, real and sufficient to give you unhindered entrance into heaven. Our prior study in Hebrews 10:38–39 on living daily by faith introduces this chapter, which deals in its entirety with those who lived by faith. It focuses upon the content of the communication. Beloved, whatever you are experiencing, remember that you have not yet seen the end of the story of your life! That he should by himself cleanse us from our sins is a wonder of love beyond our utmost powers of admiration, gratitude, and praise. Here it probably means effulgence. Each volume uniquely combines the insights of an experienced Bible exegete (trained in interpretation) and a homiletician (trained in preaching). *Psalm 97:7 - Some scholars favor this quotation as from Deut 32:43 which in the Greek (LXX) reads "Rejoice, ye heavens, with him, and let all the angels of God worship him". Jesus sustains all things by His Word, and that Word has a divine power. He quotes passage after passage from the Psalms, ponders the … Continue reading "Commentary on Hebrews 1:1-4" also Arno C. Gaebelein, Gaebelein’s Concise Commentary on the Whole Bible (I Volume, Neptune, NJ: Loizeaux, 1985), the Annotated Bible revised. For His grace and power are such For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins" (He 10:4-note), "but when Christ appeared as a High Priestâ¦ He entered through the greater and more perfect tabernacle (in contrast to the earthly tabernacle and the Holy of holies that the Levitical priests entered once a year on the Day of Atonement) and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own bloodâ¦ (into) the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption. In Thy right hand there are pleasures forever." ALT: who being [the] outshining of His glory and [the] exact expression of His essence, and sustaining all the [things] by the word of His power, having Himself made by Himself a purification [or, purgation] of our sins, sat down at [the] right hand of the Majesty on high, Amplified: He is the sole expression of the glory of God [the Light-being, the out-raying or radiance of the divine], and He is the perfect imprint and very image of [Godâs] nature, upholding and maintaining and guiding and propelling the universe by His mighty word of power. What has He spoken to you this week in and through His Word? This impression or mark with its particular features was considered to be the exact representation of the object whose image it bore. (4) Being made. Jesus taking His seat at the right hand of God is taken from Ps 110:1-note where David writesâ¦. On that brow, once thorn-crowned, let us entwine our laurels. (Ro 11:36-note). Hebrews 9:1-14 Hebrews 1:1-4 1 In many and various ways God spoke of old to our fathers by the prophets; 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by [his] Son, whom he appointed the heir of all things, through whom also he created the world. Another passage of Scripture, Psalm 12:25-27, is recited, in which the Almighty power of the Lord Jesus Christ is declared, both in creating the world and in changing it. It is thus a characteristic of that person and was a Greek idiom for a personâs features. When, on the fall of man, the world was breaking to pieces under the wrath and curse of God, the Son of God, undertaking the work of redemption, sustained it by his almighty power and goodness. [1.] (see notes Ephesians 2:8; 2:9), MacDonald summarizes this section by noting that "In following the pathway of our Lord from creation to Calvary and then to glory, it seems we have quite lost sight of the prophets. If He did not speak it into continued existence, it would go back into the nothingness from which it sprung. 1. If you feel as if your life is crashing down around you, remember that itâs Jesus who holds all things togetherâeven your life. KJV: Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; Phillips: This Son, radiance of the glory of God, flawless expression of the nature of God, himself the upholding principle of all that is, effected in person the reconciliation between God and man and then took his seat at the right hand of the majesty on high (Phillips: Touchstone). That hand which bears all nature up Ex 30:10 âAnd Aaron shall make atonement on its horns once a year (Yom Kippur); he shall make atonement on it with the blood of the sin offering of atonement (Lxx = "the blood of purification" = katharismos) once a year throughout your generations. In 2 Pet. AND HE IS THE RADIANCE OF HIS GLORY: hos on (PAPMSN) apaugasma tes doxes: the Son reflects (see discussion below) the glory of God (ICB), being [the] outshining of His glory (ALT), Godâs Son shines out with Godâs glory (TLB), He is the sole expression of the glory of God [the Light-being, the out-raying or radiance of the divine] (Amp). The author is saying that whatever the Divine essence is, Jesus is the perfect expression and thus affirms the deity of Jesus Christ and alludes to the the plurality of God. Let us not then set our hearts upon that which is not what we take it to be, and will not be what it now is. Is not this a great lack in our private devotions? Good news indeed for those who by faith receive it as a gift and not by trying to earn it. Had made (4160) (poieo) can be translated make, produce, bring about or cause, referring to any external act as manifested in the production of something tangible or obvious to the senses. The New Testament writers never doubted his ultimate triumph. 3 who [the Son] being the brightness [radiance, effulgence] of His [God’s] glory . (ii) The destined empire belongs to Jesus. (vi) To Jesus belongs the mediatorial exaltation. All things (3956) (pas) refers to the totality, the universe considered as one whole. The very likeness of God, the very Godhead of Godhead, the very Deity of Deity, is in Christ Jesus. So, when the writer to the Hebrews said that Jesus was the charakter (Greek #5481) of the being of God, he meant that he was the exact image of God. As each morning broke, the believer of those primitive days repeated in private the Gloria in Excelsis, as his hymn of supplication and praise: "Thou only art holy; thou only art the Lord; thou only, O Christ, with the Holy Ghost, art most high in the glory of God the Father." When the high priest went within the veil, he did not sit down. Faith is the foundation, the quality of confidence which leads one to stand under, endure, or undertake anything. The LORD (God the Father) says to my Lord (God the Son): "Sit at My right hand, until I make Thine enemies a footstool for Thy feet." (Read Hebrews 1:1-3) God spake to his ancient people at sundry times, through successive generations, and in divers manners, as he thought proper; sometimes by personal directions, sometimes by dreams, sometimes by visions, sometimes by … 30:10; Job 7:21). Jesus relates to God the way the rays of sunlight relate to the sun. Oh, this wondrous Word of Godâthe very climax of the Godheadâthe gathering up of every blessed attribute in all its infinity of glory! In summary, the radiance of His glory speaks of Jesus' oneness or identity with God the Father whereas the exact representation of His nature speaks of Jesus' distinctness and thus of the plurality of the Godhead. (NLT), He received the highest position, the one next to the Father in heaven (GWT), He sat down in heaven at the right-hand side of God, the Supreme Power (TEV). Now, Christ is God manifesting Himself in His brightness. It was there that God showed them "His glory (LXX = doxa) and His greatness" (Dt 5:24). (The Pulpit Commentary ), Wuest adds that "The word apaugasma is not preceded by the definite article, which fact makes the term highly descriptive of character or nature."
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